The following are the SAP Functional Modules Apart for ABAP and Basis
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
EH&S Environmental Health & Safety
Designed for the management of environmental regulatory information, particularly product safety data as required for Material Safety Data Sheets. EH&S has sub-modules of Product Safety, Dangerous Goods, Waste, Industrial Hygiene, and Occupational Health.
FI Financial Accounting
Designed for automated management and external reporting of general ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other sub-ledger accounts with a user defined chart of accounts. As entries are made relating to sales production and payments journal entries are automatically posted. This connection means that the "books" are designed to reflect the real situation.The FI module has 8 sub modules:
General Ledger Accounting
Special Purpose Ledger
Represents the company's flow of cost and revenue. It is a management instrument for organizational decisions. It too is automatically updated as events occur.The CO module has following sub modules:
Overhead Costing (Cost Centers, Activity Based Costing, Internal Order Costing)
Product Cost Controlling
AM Asset Management
Designed to manage and supervise individual aspects of fixed assets including purchase and sale of assets, depreciation and investment management.
PS Project System
Designed to support the planning, control and monitoring of long-term, highly complex projects with defined goals.
An integral part of mySAP ERP, SAP for Insurance enables insurance companies to handle customer and market requirements and simultaneously control profitability and economic viability.In Release 6.00, SAP for Insurance includes the following components:
Collections and disbursements
Payment Engine (Banking Payments Solution still in development)
IS Industry Solutions
Combines the SAP application modules and additional industry-specific functionality. Special techniques have been developed for industries such as banking, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, etc.As of Feb 2006, following Industry Specific Solutions are supported by SAP:
Aerospace and Defense
Apparel and Footwear
Catch Weight Management (Variable Weight Items such as Meats and Cheeses)
Defense and Security
Milling (or IS-MILL)
IS-U Supplier Switch
IS-U EDM Billing
IS-U Agregated Billing
HR Human Resources
Complete integrated system for supporting the planning and control of personnel activities and HR module is sometimes equivalently referred to as HCM (Human Capital Management).
Training and Event Management
HCM Human Capital Management
LE Logistics Execution
PLM Product Lifecycle Management
PM Plant Maintenance
Equipment servicing and rebuilding. These tasks affect the production plans.
MM Materials Management
Supports the procurement and inventory functions occurring in day-to-day business operations such as purchasing, inventory management, reorder point processing, etc.
QM Quality Management
A quality control and information system supporting quality planning, inspection, and control for manufacturing and procurement.
PP Production Planning
Used to plan and control the manufacturing activities of a company. This module includes; bills of material, routings, work centers, sales and operations planning, master production scheduling, material requirements planning, shop floor control, production orders, product costing, etc.
Production Planning Process Industries.With the component PP-PI (Production Planning for Process Industries), SAP provides an integrated planning tool for batch-oriented process manufacturing. It has been developed in cooperation with IDS Prof. Scheer GmbH, Saarbrücken.
It is primarily designed for the chemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries as well as the batch-oriented electronics industry. PP-PI supports:
The integrated planning of production, waste disposal, and transport activities within a plant The integration of plants within the company: Vertically by means of an information flow, ranging from central business applications down to process control Horizontally by the coordination of planning between production plants, recycling and waste disposal facilities, and production laboratories.
SD Sales and Distribution
Helps to optimize all the tasks and activities carried out in sales, delivery and billing. Key elements are: presales support, inquiry processing, quotation processing, sales order processing, delivery processing, billing and sales information system.
Supply Chain Management
Supplier Relationship Management
Business Information Warehouse
Strategic Enterprise Management
WM Warehouse Management
Subdivides the "Storage Location", which is used in the MM Module to define inventory values by location, into "Storage Types" and then into "Storage Bins". Control of stock to a physical level down to a warehouse bin. Placement and removal rules can be configured, stock counts can be done.
HUM Handling Unit Management
Used as a unique ID for each pallet of stock held in the warehouse.
AF&R Advanced Forecasting & Replenishment
Mostly referred to as Forecasting & Replenishment